EDRR acronym stands for Emerging DRR. The ICT led organization initiative curates emerging content along 1) Understanding disaster risk and 4) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to build back better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction priority areas of the Sendai Framework and presents the information in an easy to access format. Through the initiative, we have started to take inventory of the emerging DRR practices, approaches, models, trends and innovations and present them in an intuitive manner for wider DRR stakeholders (citizens, science-policy, businesses involved in adapting disaster informed CSR practices, local civic bodies and organizations and science-policy networks working at the cutting edge of disaster science ) awareness and uptake.
Innovation, Incubation and Advocacy form the core pillars of the Foundation’s work in the broader space of climate change that includes climate-induced disasters whose frequency and intensity are on the rise. The EDRR initiative aligns with the innovation and advocacy pillars.
Understanding Disaster Risk
Models, open datasets and understanding risk initiatives : For e.g. to facilitate a better understanding of the disaster risk many open data standards based resilience initiatives are being undertaken such as OpenDRI and Big data oriented ‘GeoCosmo’ model; an Early Warning System for Earthquakes’ and HDX; a very comprehensive humanitarian open datasets exchange. Stakeholders would particularly benefit from gaining awareness of such ‘emerging’ models, data sets and risk understanding initiatives and applying them in the context of their local actions, plans and projects.
Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery to Support ‘Building Back Better’ paradigm
Innovative use cases of communication and media tools : For e.g. many innovative use cases of communication and media (video series, disaster dialogue platforms, simulation games, massive open online courses, multimedia curriculum based scientific pedagogic principles) have been observed in order to increase the understanding of the ‘science’ behind natural and man-made disasters and incorporate this understanding in the design and development of local action plans, projects and/or platforms. This section captures such emerging and innovative use cases.
Emerging DRR Technologies : For e.g. some of the emerging technologies such as drone applications in DRR response, innovative local, national and/or regional resilience tools and applications for better humanitarian action and impact, satellite applications across all phases of disaster risk reduction, sensor based predictive analytical applications for advanced risk prediction are captured in this section.
Through this ICT led information share initiative, our organization hopes to inform the DRR stakeholder audience of the emerging DRR developments and catalyze innovative local actions that are fully aligned with the priorities of the Sendai Framework and in the true spirit of AMCDRR 2016 supported theme.
Emerging Models and Data for Resilience
OpenDRI(Open Data for Resilience), a GFDRR initiative, brings the philosophies and practices of the global open data movement to the challenges of reducing vulnerability and building resilience to natural hazards and the impacts of climate change across the globe.
Learn more via link : https://opendri.org/
A first of its kind semi conductor physics science based “Early Warning System for Earthquakes’ from the stable of concerned global coalition of scientists, aid donors, governments and citizens. It is expected that a 2-3 day lead time to protect people and property is afforded by this EWS.
Learn more via link : http://geocosmo.org/
The Humanitarian Data Exchange(HDX) with 4087 datasets, 247 locations , 787 sources and 289 organizations helps find all relevant humanitarian data at one place.
Learn more via link : https://data.humdata.org/
The Global Flood Awareness System (GloFAS), jointly developed by the European Commission and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts ,couples state-of-the art weather forecasts with a hydrological model and with its continental scale set-up it provides downstream countries with information on upstream river conditions as well as continental and global overview.
This global forecast system was able to predict floods up to two weeks in advance in its test phase. The European Commission – Joint Research Centre (JRC) will seek to continue with further improvements of the system to create an operational tool for decision makers, including national and regional water authorities, water resource managers, hydro power companies, civil protection and first line responders, and international humanitarian aid organisations.
Learn more via link : http://www.globalfloods.eu/
UR is a global community of experts and practitioners with interest in the field of disaster risk identification, specifically risk assessment and risk communication.Topical coverage includes the changing nature of risk in the wake of climate change, geo spatial applications for risk management, open source and data initiatives and risk perception communications. The types of initiatives undertaken range from challenge competitions to convening communities of practice for various types of disaster risks.
Learn more via : https://understandrisk.org/
Communication and Media for Resilience
When Nature Strikes: The Science of Natural Hazards
The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Directorate for Geo sciences has partnered with NBC Learn (the educational arm of NBC News) and the Weather Channel to produce a 10-part video series that explores the science of natural disasters and research to avert their human and economic toll.
Access the stunning video series via link : https://science360.gov/series/nature-strikes-science-natural-hazards/f67783e9-edef-4b54-9a63-43c477053a33
An Award-Winning Game Based on Good Science
Extreme Event was developed by the National Academy of Sciences’ Koshland Science Museum in collaboration with the Resilient America Round table. It won a GOLD Medal in the museums category for the 2015 International Serious Play Awards.The content draws on recommendations in the seminal National Research Council report “Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative” and has been reviewed by experts and staff of the National Academies. In addition, the game was improved iteratively over a 2-year beta period, with a variety of settings and groups.The game was developed with support from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Koshland Science Museum Endowment, and private donations.
Learn more via link : https://www.koshland-science-museum.org/explore-the-science/extreme-event
Class Central offers the largest collection of MOOCs(Massive Open Online Courses) on a gamut of topics related that lie at the intersection of DRR and Science, Public Health, Resilient Infrastructure, Preparedness, Recovery and Resilience. Popular among the course offerings are the ones on “Disaster Preparedness”, ” Earth Observation Views”, “Disaster and Ecosystems Approaches”, “Social Media Analytics for DRR”, “Emergency Management”, “Technologies for DRR” and “Safe and Resilient Cities” among others.
On the emerging course content ” ISO 31000 Enterprise Risk Management” standard application for evolving risk informed DRR public policies is worth a mention.
Access the courses via link : https://www.class-central.com/
The Conversation” media platform is a first of its kind global media resource providing academic and emerging insights albeit with a journalistic flair on a range of topics including disaster management. Their 50+ collection of global articles provide cutting edge insights and ideas from people working at the very best of research centers( 30,000 and counting ) around the globe using the Creative Common license for global dissemination.
A quick search on the topic of DRR brings forth a wide range of ideas spanning the use of social media analytics to evidence based humanitarian best practices to strategies for active civic DRR engagement among others.
Access more via link : https://theconversation.com/
National Ocean and Atmospheric Association Education Resource Collections
Education resources are distributed across many websites and program offices at NOAA and on NOAA partner websites. The resource collection portal is designed to help educators access these resources from one location. Materials selected are organized by themes, collections, and content types that are aligned with common teaching topics and expressed needs of educators. Linked resources are organized into collections that provide the user with a toolkit of materials and activities suitable for integration into a variety of educational settings.
Collections include a range of content covering multimedia lessons, activities and plans, real world data and facilitator support on a range of topics spanning oceans, marine life, weather and climate,freshwater and within these the specific topics related to the science and management of natural disasters such as tsunamis, hurricanes, floods et.al. Additional NOAA resources that support educator professional development, academic scholarship, career exploration, and education grants are also available.
Learn more via link : http://www.noaa.gov/about-education-resource-collections
Emerging Technologies for Resilience
Humanitarian Technology: Science, Systems and Global Impact an annual international conference that brings together scientists, engineers, technologists and policymakers from across academic, government, industry and non-government organizations to discuss, share and promote current research and recent accomplishments across all aspects of technology, from science to systems, that have a global humanitarian impact. The series has had three global conferences thus far.
Learn more via link : http://www.humanitariantechnology.org/
Art and science merge in a disaster readiness haven : Innovative off-grid PREPHubs structures house basic services needed in the aftermath of a disaster. PREPHub contains amenities for short-term responses to emergencies.
The PrepHub, a project of MIT’s Urban Risk Lab, seeks to increase preparedness for crises such as hurricanes that disrupt a city’s functioning. Led by Miho Mazereeuw, an assistant professor of architecture and the director of the Urban Risk Lab, the project is the demonstration of a completely off-grid facility that could help a city provide post-emergency services to citizens.
Learn more via link : http://news.mit.edu/2016/art-and-science-merge-disaster-readiness-0707
Engineering for Change has endeavored to capture back in 2014 some of the emerging technologies for DRR preparedness and relief from a range of sources and their curated collection comprises Life suite Exoskeleton, open source portable telecom tower,aerial drones for relief operations and mission to automatic satellite image analysis all in various stages of prototyping, testing and/or implementation.
AGT International’s integrated water resource management solution is based on ReadyMIND, an innovative Internet of Things (IoT) -platform that monitors, simulates and predicts floods and droughts. The same approach can be extended beyond water management to most other natural disasters.
Water-related crises are most effectively and efficiently managed when the public and private sectors work together. AGT’s solution enables private sector participation in several ways. Because the solution can be cloud-based, the private sector can easily contribute to or access data, enriching it or using it for their own research.
ReadyMIND is the first ‘Internet-of-Things’ platform of its kind integrating data collection, aggregation, prediction, simulation, real-time visualization and crisis management. Its key advantages include the opportunity to reduce flood risk and minimize loss of life, property and commerce; facilitate public private sector collaboration resulting in a better, more coordinated response to floods; and drive operational efficiencies to reduce routine operations and maintenance costs.
The CEOS Handbook,specially prepared for the WCDRR 2015,explores how satellite EO(Earth Observations) can contribute to the main challenges of disaster risk reduction, across a range of different countries and addressing varying capacity and infrastructure. It highlights some of the main capabilities of satellite EO, their applications, and the challenges that various stakeholders could face in converting information collected in space to knowledge of value to societal challenges.
Learn more via link : http://www.eohandbook.com/eohb2015/
Twitter, a popular communications platform, is identified as contributing to improved mortality and morbidity outcomes resulting from the 2013 Hattiesburg, Mississippi EF-4 Tornado. The study outlined in here,describes the methodology by which Twitter was investigated as a potential disaster risk reduction and management tool at the community level and the process by which the at-risk population was identified from the broader Twitter user population. By understanding how various factors contribute to the super spreading of messages, one can better optimize Twitter as an essential communications and risk reduction tool. This study introduces Parts II, III and IV which further define the technological and scientific knowledge base necessary for developing future competency base curriculum and content for Twitter assisted disaster management education and training at the community level.
Read more via link : http://bit.ly/2cBcgTY